Period Eight of Training for Cross Country Skiing

Period Covered: OCTOBER-NOVEMBER

We’re discussing period eight of cross-country ski training. One thing I want to focus on is multi-sport activities. A lot of times, athletes are not just a one-sport individuals, but involved in a couple of different sports.

Our general feedback and philosophy on multi-sport is that having two complementary sports is a great opportunity. Maybe it’s running and skiing or biking and skiing. This is great.

We often find that if you’re competitive, more than two competition seasons are really difficult to actually execute well. The reason why, if you go to a three-competition period of – maybe you’re trying to compete in summer, in fall and in winter. The challenge there is finding adequate recovery and adequate amount of time to fully prepare for each or any of those sports.

So we definitely support a multi-sport activity where you may have two competition seasons. But more than two if you really want to be competitive becomes difficult to both prepare and compete well.

With that being said, as we’re here – right on the cusp of a competition season, basically mid of October all the way into November, is really focused on this competitive season and the reason why I wanted to bring up multi-sport is if you just came off of, for example a running season, one of the things you really want to do is focus on the things you haven’t been doing. OK?

If you’re a runner and you’ve been running, you’ve got plenty of level four training in. But what have you maintained in the upper body? So a lot of the exercises and activities, if you’re multi-sport and coming off of a competitive fall is thinking about, “What haven’t I done? Have I not done enough upper body double pulling?” Then you really need to focus your attention on those sorts of things. Then in that scenario, do more level three training. If you’re purely training for cross-country skiing, then your intensity will purely be based primarily off of level four intervals, bounding, roller skiing, those sorts of activities.

If you’re in either scenario, select the type of terrain appropriate for cross-country skiing, meaning hillier terrain. We really want to focus more of our intensity work on the ups and downs and focusing on how do we get better.

On our distance type training, our endurance training, we’re really starting to focus on efficiency of training. We’re getting on snow hopefully. Whether we’re finding man-made snow loops or we’re getting ourselves into a camp scenario, find those opportunities to get on snow and focus on efficiency of training.

Again, polarized training is really important here. Once we get on snow, that’s an added stress. Make sure your easy days are easy. But they’re easy and you’re skiing with really good, proficient movement. You’re trying to learn how to ski and move faster at a lower intensity.

Strength training maintains stable, really focusing on more complex type strength where we’re actually introducing not only max and not only velocity, but the combination of both in a very ski-specific movement, more single-leg activities and movements that we’re doing specific for the sport.

Recommended Training Regimen For Shorter Races

Q: I ‘m 67, and only race 10-12k races. I am unsure as to how this affects recommended training regimens.

Most information I read seems to be for racers that either do only long races, or both short and long. I suspect that over-distance/over-time training should still be done, but I am not sure how often.

I also am only able to assume that they only need to be about 25% longer than the length of time I typically race. I am also unsure how frequently intense aerobic workouts should be done by people who only race short distances. I assume that they should be done more frequently than is recommended for long distance racers.

So, I’m basically operating on a lot of assumptions and would greatly appreciate any guidance you could provide.

A: You’re correct in assuming that over-distance (OD) training should still be a part of your training. Even World Cup sprinters, who specialize in events that are between 2:30 and 4 minutes long, do large amounts of easy distance, and tend to train 800-900 hours per year.

I’m loathe to give hard-and-fast advice without knowing too much about someone’s training history. That said, regardless of what events you’re racing, I think a good rough guide is to try to get in [per week]:

* 1 very long workout. The length of this is dependent on the individual (age, training history, injury limitations) and/or conditions (shorter when it’s very hot or cold, or if the terrain is very hard).

* 2 strength sessions. Again, this depends on what you need to improve – for all I know, you’re a former powerlifter who’s just learned to ski – but working on core strength and improving the muscles you use while poling is rarely a bad idea.

* 1-2 intensity sessions. As you may have expected, again – this depends on a lot of different things. If it’s spring or summer, you’ll probably focus more on longer, easier intervals around your threshold, and if you’re trying to peak, you’ll focus more on very short and hard intervals. In general, though, I think it’s best to try to keep some touch with intensities close to your race pace.

Based on how much time you have to train and your level of fatigue, I’d fill in the rest of week with easy sessions.

Jason Cork
U.S. Ski & Snowboard

Do you really need to know how to wax skis?

by Openski.ru / Denis Kananen

The discussion about the high cost and health risks of fluoride ski wax, as well as its ban from youth competitions, made me think that this is an absolutely local problem that will never affect amateurs. And I was prompted to this dialogue with an Australian friend of mine, who is mastering his skiing skills in Sakhalin (Russia) being 50 years old, madly in love with skiing – preparing for a marathon in Sapporo.

The dialogue was very interesting. Shane is good at analyzing the information coming from the ski world — the Internet and communication with local skiers. First of all it concerns ski equipment — it’s no joke learning skate skiing at a certain age. But he is interested in all the attributes of a skier.

 

Photo Credit: Openski.ru

He was sure that the preparation of skis is a mandatory skill, like a single-point rental, without which a person with skis can not call himself a skier. He wanted to buy a machine, an iron, scrapers, brushes, paraffins, etc. Imagine his surprise when I told him of my formula for the perfect sliding of skis during races and training.

I have absolutely nothing, just 4 pairs of skis and one is for the first snow. Before each start, three pairs are always ready with powder — I give them to a specialist, 1500-2000 rubles for each. And you shouldn’t grudge money on this!

Before the start, I test-ski all three pairs and choose the best one, I get incredible pleasure from fast skis.

Until the next start I have:
– training skis Karhu Mini, which I give away for preparation very rarely – they’re like slow training rollerskis;
– relatively fast skis, which I used at the last start.

I alternate them during my training. As soon as the time comes to the next start, I give away only one pair for preparation. Before the start, I test-ski on all three pairs and use again the fastest pair.

Sometimes friends were desperate to find quick skis and I give them a pair, which was the second on the roll. And before the Sakhalin marathon, I gave the third pair as well. Thus, they pay for the preparation of these skis.

 

Photo Credit: Openski.ru

In the final analysis, if I had 10 starts in winter, I spend 20 000 rubles on preparation. I have a fast pair on training days and something to choose from on a race day.

Of course, Sakhalin has unique conditions in relation to Europe and the European part of Russia, when all winter just one powder worked well both at 0 and -15, and the snow was almost always fresh and clean. And my skis are directly from the factory, designed for my specifications. But that’s not the point.

Preparation of skis is an important part of both professional and amateur skiing. It’s a huge industry where ambition, money and a bit of magic intertwine. If you are too lazy to bother — you give the preparation of skis to professionals and they get poisoned and spend their time, while you calmly get ready for the race.

But someone likes to prepare the skis, to test, to buy powders, waxes, to spend evenings before the race themselves. No savings, if you count the time spent. But it is a certain fetish, just like among those bicycles that create a custom built bike for themselves from a wheel to spokes on wheels. This is the interest, which is also an important attribute of cross-country skiing, thanks to which people from year to year are engaged in their favorite sport.

So I presented two points of view to Shane. What will be his choice — we’ll see in the winter.

In any case, simplification and standardization are not the path that cross-country skiing should take. Let each producer invent something new, let there be new powders, grip tapes, brushes, etc. We will all have something to discuss, to experience on the track and to spend money on. As soon as there is nothing else to choose from — it will be the beginning of the big end.

Period Seven of Training for Cross Country Skiing

Video Transcript:

One of the things I want to talk about is strength and how we complement strength in the type of a routine where we’re doing a lot of ski-specific activities and high-intensity activities.

Regardless of the fact that we’re doing higher intensity training, we still want to do strength and that strength complements the type of training that we’re doing.

If the majority of your races are December, January, then we really want to focus on velocity-based type intensity or velocity-based strength. Another complement we can do is to blend the two and it’s called complex strength where we do a lift or we would do maybe like a squat with weight and then immediately after we do vertical jump and that becomes a super set or a complex strength where we do something that’s loading, loading of the weight as well as then taking the weight away and then doing something velocity-based.

Intensity during this time again needs to become more and more specific to the sport. If you’re doing more double leg activities, now we want to become more single leg activities and more specific movements to the sport. That includes in both intensity, distance, as well as strength training. It becomes very specific to the activity.

In recovery, this is a great opportunity to maintain or stabilize our full body strength and full body movement. So, think about being creative here, doing activities such as yoga or getting massaged. Those sorts of activities become really, really important as the intensity increases.

In endurance, because we’re doing higher intensity, more Level 4 intervals, more ski-specific, the volume may drop a little bit.

We’re focusing mostly on very specific activities of endurance but the actual overall volume starts to reduce as we focus more attention on the competition season. See you next period.

XC Ski Instructors Wanted for Loppet Adult XC Ski School

To provide cross country ski instruction to the public in accordance with established standards by the Professional Ski Instructors of America (PSIA) in a manner that provides skiers with the highest quality service possible on weekend schedule of Saturday or Sunday for 2 hours.

Conducts lessons in accordance with established lesson plan and recognized ski instructor methods and techniques. Courteously greets guests and ensures that skiers’ questions are properly answered or referred to appropriate Loppet staff.

Minimum 16 years of age. Previous high school or college cross country ski program experience preferable as athlete or coach. Will provide opportunity for PSIA training and grants for PSIA XC Ski Instructor certification.

Applications will be evaluated on the basis of relevant experience and training. The top group of female and male applicants will be invited to participate in further job screening.

Deadline is Oct. 15th, 2018. Send resume to klave@loppet.org Questions call Greg at 763-228-2899.

Salary ranges from $20 – $42.50 hourly based on experience and USSA/PSIA certifications.

2019 Masters World Cup: Beitostølen, Norway

Pronounced: Buy – toe – stolen

AXCS* Trip Dates: March 4 – 15, 2019… a couple days longer to add the Norwegian Birkebeiner (MWC Competition Dates: March 8-14, 2019)

* AXCS, XC Ski World

Best Travel Plan: International flights to Oslo-Gardermoen (OSL). Then local buses, AXCS charter bus, or rental cars three and a half driving hours direct to Beitostølen at the gateway to the western Norwegian mountains.

———————————

IMPORTANT TRIP LINK:

Team USA MWC2019 Bus Transport Page:
http://www.xcskiworld.com/beitostolen-2019-bus-transport

Team USA MWC2019 Lodging Page:
http://www.xcskiworld.com/beitostolen-2019-lodging

Team USA Birken Extension Page:
http://www.xcskiworld.com/mwc2019-birken-extension

Official organizer website:
http://www.MWC2019.com

Norwegian Birkebeiner website:
http://www.birkebeiner.no/en/


For specific Travel Help not provided by AXCS (airfare, travel insurance or arrangements outside the MWC and Birken extension dates), AXCS recommends Diana Lynn Rau of The Travel Society: 970.887.3095 or 970.655.8036 or Dianalrau@cs.com

Sealed Bases

Q: My skate skis have some white/grey splotches on the base. Not the whole base but parts of it. I don’t have a Nordic Shop anywhere close to me, I bought these from a shop that’s about 5 hours away.. I have 2 good downhill shops close by, if I need to have them stoneground, will the downhill grinders work on nordic skis? I assume they’re the same, but don’t know. And if the shop can do them, what kind of grind should I have them do?

 

A: From what I see it appears as if your skis need a base refreshener. An alpine shop grinder can do Nordic skis but they should not do your skis as their first Nordic race skis. Nordic skis need to be ground with much less pressure than alpine skis.

So you need to ask them if they have done many Nordic race skis in the past and ask for a cold universal grind? Or you can ship your skis to one of the Nordic grinding specialists if you wish. Or you can try to do some base refreshing on your own.

I would advise you start with the brass, copper, metal brush method. Get the most aggressive of these brushes you have and start brushing the base with moderate aggression from tip to tail. You want to get under the overheated/melted base and open it up, basically tearing it open. Follow this with an aggressive coarse fibertex pad and repeat numerous times. Do a gentle metal scraping to cut off any hairs you have exposed. Follow this with a hot wipe of your softest wax. Repeat all this numerous times and see if the bases look top be improving. if it was a minor burn you should see improvement fast. If it was a major burn you will need much more work, perhaps even sandpaper method or best yet stonegrinding.

– Andy @ SkiPost

***

Yes. I actually did it and it helped a lot. I got rid of almost all of spots. I will try to get them ground next Winter in Lake Placid if I make it up there, but this really helped.

Thanks! Dan


About SkiPost

Cross-Country skiing’s community lodge. Where knowledge and stories are shared. The goal of SkiPost is to make the sport of Cross-Country skiing easier and more enjoyable for all who choose to participate. If you have questions on Cross-Country Skiing email us weanswer@SkiPost.com and visit SkiPost.com

Enjoy Winter,
Andrew Gerlach
Director/Editor- SkiPost